Discover the characteristics and properties of umbilical cord stem cells. Stem cells, regardless of their origin, are characterized by three main properties.
Stem cells of the umbilical cord
Stem cells are present in many tissues of the human body, but umbilical cord blood and Tissue are precious because they are extremely vital and not embryonic (therefore free from ethical or moral problems). These cells are perfectly compatible with the newborn and highly compatible with the rest of the family, therefore potentially free of rejection phenomena in transplants.
The umbilical cord is therefore an important source of stem cells, both hematopoietic and therefore available from placental blood, both mesenchymal, easily obtainable from Wharton gelatin that represents the umbilical cord matrix.
Currently, umbilical cord stem cells are already used in the treatment of tumors, of genetic diseases of metabolism, of blood disorders and of immunological diseases (today there are more than 80 different treatable diseases), with a strong acceleration in the development of non-hematological therapeutic applications. Worldwide Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (WBMT) for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (CSE) and Bone Marrow, announced that in December 2012, the millionth transplant of CSE was registered worldwide (including autologous, allogeneic transplants from family and not consanguineous).
It is clear, therefore, the increasing interest of families and the health sector for the conservation of this fundamental biological heritage of the newborn. Childbirth is the only occasion in which it is possible to take stem cells from the umbilical cord, in a non-invasive way, to cryopreserve them. The blood contained in the umbilical cord, rich in stem cells, can be collected with a simple and risk-free procedure, before the cord ends up in the ‘special hospital waste’. In the event of serious disease occurring, preserved cord blood stem cells can be used for the unborn or for a compatible family member.